Pay down mortgage or top-up your TFSA
The question of reducing debt or contributing to savings will continue to be debated for as long as people plan to retire in Canada. The battle is whether to pay down your mortgage or top-up your TFSA.
Of course opting for both: reducing debt and increasing savings is the ideal. Which is better, however, depends on the individuals involved, their goals, feelings and their unique financial situations.
If you find you just can’t decide whether to save or pay off debt, start contributing to a TFSA (Tax Free Savings Account). TFSA deposits can easily be withdrawn and applied to your mortgage.
What you need to know
Tax implications are not a consideration. Paying down your mortgage or topping up your TFSA, both deal with after-tax dollars. Any additional payments against your mortgage or sent to your TFSA will be after you have paid income tax. There is no reduction in taxable income for making contributions to a TFSA. Further, when the capital gain from the sale of your home (assuming it’s your principal residence) and any growth and withdrawals from your TFSA will not be subject to income tax.
To simplify the matter, the question becomes ‘can I earn more inside my TFSA than I pay in mortgage interest?’
If your mortgage interest is 4% per annum, paying down your mortgage by $10,000 will save you $400 in interest charges each year. Placing the same $10,000 in your TFSA earning 4% per annum will earn you $400 each year.
With compounding interest, if you contribute to your TFSA the original $10,000 will be $10,400 and at the end of year two at 4% become $10,816 and compounds each year.
For some people becoming debt-free as soon as possible buys peace of mind and freedom. For others, a nest-egg and the security and flexibility it can provide is more important.
If you find yourself torn between building a nest-egg (top up in your TFSA) and whether to pay down your mortgage, I encourage you to get in touch to set up a short conversation. We will discuss your goals, crunch some numbers and find the perfect solution for you.